New Hope UMC

Our study in Ephesians begins September 6, 2018. The letter to the church in Ephesus was written by Paul who founded the church in 52-55 AD. It was likely written about 10 years later while the Apostle was in prison, either in Rome or Caesarea. This is an epic theological work by the Apostle and it is fitting for us to study it at this point, just after our look at Romans. Here are some words from Ralph Wilson, the author: In the estimation of many, Ephesians is Paul’s crowning work, “the quintessence of Paulinism. It is both a literary gem and a treasure of spiritual nuggets. Those who study it may not fully plumb its depths, but will glean important understanding of Christ and his Church, as well as lessons for life.

Wilson, Ralph F.. Ephesians: Discipleship Lessons (JesusWalk Bible Study Series) (Kindle Locations 80-83). JesusWalk Publications. Kindle Edition.

Lessons 1: Spiritual Blessings in Christ (1:1-6)

September 6, 2018

Big Picture. Paul tells us that we are in Christ:

  1. Holy and blameless,
  2. Chosen,
  3. Adopted as sons and daughters of God, and
  4. Forgiven and
  5. have been given:
  6. Knowledge of the mysteries of God
  7. A purpose to live for God’s praise, and
  8. The Holy Spirit as a foretaste of future glory.

Paul starts by declaring grace and peace to the "saints in Ephesus", the faithful in Christ Jesus. Thus we have the understanding that saints are real people. People who are trustworthy, faithful and dependable. In verse 3, the Apostle brings blessings from the heavenly realm. These are spiritual blessings which we will discuss and consider.

Paul often uses the phrase, "In Christ" in Ephesians and elsewhere. It appears 11 times in the first 14 verses of Ephesians. What is meant by this expression?

We will once again discuss predestination as we did in Romans 8. “For he chose us in him before the creation of the world to be holy and blameless in his sight.” 1.4. The gist is that God has a plan that he is bringing to fruition and you and I are part of it. Paul's meaning here is that we were chosen by God to do things to glorify Him. It is not no much that he has predetermined everything that will happen. We are chosen for holiness, so we need to understand what it is to be holy. We were chosen to be adopted. This is a common theme in Paul's writings - that we are sons and daughters of God.

Discussion questions.

Discussion question 1. Q1. (Ephesians 1:3) What does it mean to you to be “in Christ” – incorporated into Christ? What are the implications of this for your life?

Discussion question 2. (Ephesians 1:4-5) What is scary about predestination? What is comforting? Why does Paul bring up predestination? Why do you think he is praising God for it in the “hearing” of the Ephesians?

Discussion question 3. (Ephesians 1:4) What does it mean to be “holy”? In what sense can you stand “blameless” before God?

Discussion question 4. (Ephesians 1:5-6) Why is adoption a particularly apt illustration of God’s relationship with us? Why is the concept of adoption encouraging to us?


Lessons 2: God’s Plan of Redemption (1:7-14)

September 20, 2018

Key Verses.

“In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, in accordance with the riches of God’s grace that he lavished on us with all wisdom and understanding.” (Ephesians 1:7-8)

“Having believed, you were marked in him with a seal, the promised Holy Spirit, who is a deposit guaranteeing our inheritance until the redemption of those who are God’s possession – to the praise of his glory.” (Ephesians 1:13-14)

In this lesson, Paul takes us through God's plan of redemption, not only for us Christians but for all of mankind. He tells the Ephesians that God is ready to reveal the great mystery: "“And he made known to us the mystery of his will according to his good pleasure, which he purposed in Christ, to be put into effect when the times will have reached their fulfillment – to bring all things in heaven and on earth together under one head, even Christ.” (1:9-10) This "mystery" refers to the ultimate fulfillment of salvation, the End Times. This salvation comes together "under one head" and that head is Christ.

It is necessary for Christians to understand that salvation comes through sacrifice, the sacrifice of Jesus, the redemption that comes through his blood. Though it may be unpleasant to think of our Saviour enduring the torture and the shedding of blood, this concept is a hallmark of our faith. We will did into this important doctrine in our lesson.

Our redemption carries with it the joy and abundance that comes with being a Christian. Paul says that that grace has been "lavished on us with all wisdom and understanding.” (1:7-8) Our forgiveness has been abundantly given. We also cover how we are been "sealed" by the Holy Spirit as a mark of redemption.

Discussion questions.

Discussion question 1. (1:7) In what sense have you been “redeemed” from slavery? What do you think your life up to now would have been like, if you hadn’t been redeemed? What would your future be like without redemption, do you think?

Discussion question 2. (1:9-10) What is the significance that all things will be brought under one head – Christ himself? How does this relate to the Creator? What does it say about unity? Extra Credit: How does this verse relate to 1 Corinthians 15:24-28?

Discussion question 3. (1:11-12) According to verses 11 and 12, what is God’s purpose for our lives? What do we need to do to fulfill this purpose? How does this purpose relate to Matthew 5:13-16?

Discussion question 4. (1:13-14) These verses contain two analogies: (1) seal and (2) down payment, with the balance to be paid in a lump sum at the end of the term. When does the “end of the term” occur? How do these analogies help explain how the Holy Spirit functions in our lives?


Lessons 3: The Greatness of Our Christian Inheritance (1:15-23)

September 27, 2018

Key Verses.

“And God placed all things under his feet and appointed him to be head over everything for the church, which is his body, the fullness of him who fills everything in every way.” (Ephesians 1:22-23)

In these verses, Paul is exhorting his readers to appreciate the greatness of God's blessings. He wants our hearts to be enlightened so that we can understand the richness of our inheritance. We have been called to a future and a hope (Jeremiah 29:11). It is our calling to look forward, to anticipate, even to hasten Christ’s coming in power and in glory (2 Peter 3:12). Third, Paul prays that we might know “his incomparably great power for us who believe.” This is the power of the Holy Spirit.

Paul’s prayer for the Ephesian Christians – and for us – runs into praise for his Jesus. His Christ is not but a pleasant memory, a hallowed tradition, or a sacred icon. His Christ is a living Victor. First, God raised him from the dead. God broke the power of death which held Christ, and set him free forever, the first-fruits of the resurrection. Jesus’ resurrection, as we’ll see in the next chapter of our study, prefigures our own.

In verse 22, Paul makes it clear that God has placed all things under Jesus and has appointed him to be "head over everything for the church". Finally, Paul has a marvelous vision for the church, the recipient of Christ's conquering and headship over all things.

 Discussion questions.

Discussion question 1. (Ephesians 1:18b) What do we Christians have to look forward to? How should this hope be a major motivation in our present-day lives? How should this hope affect our decisions and our lifestyle? How does our great hope differ from the hope of the average non-believer?

Discussion question 2. (Ephesians 1:18c) If you knew that in a few years you would inherit $10 million, would it affect your life now? How should our expectation of an inheritance in God’s presence temper our present-day concerns? Since this inheritance will be shared with “the saints” – our Christian family – how should that affect our fellowship with them?

Discussion question 3. Q3. (Ephesians 1:18d) Why are we powerless sometimes? Is it an inadequacy with the source or with our faith? Why do some congregations and movements produce disciples with miracle-believing faith and others produce disciples with wimpy faith? How can this be changed?

Discussion question 4. (Ephesians 1:20-22) Why do we so often take a “pass” when it comes to spiritual warfare? Why is Christ’s exaltation, demonstration of complete victory, and superior rank over all spiritual powers important enough for Paul to mention it to his readers? Why do we tend to feel powerless in the face of spiritual enemies? What was Paul assuring the Ephesians of? What does this encourage us to do?

Discussion question 5. (Ephesians 1:22-23) When we neglect to be an active part of a local congregation, what particular blessings do we miss out on according to Paul in this verse? How do we, by our absence, withhold this blessing from others?



Lessons 4: From Deadness to Coming Alive in Christ (2:1-7)

October 4, 2018

Key Verses.

“But because of his great love for us, God, who is rich in mercy, 5made us alive with Christ even when we were dead in transgressions – it is by grace you have been saved.” (Ephesians 2:4-5) “And God raised us up with Christ and seated us with him in the heavenly realms in Christ Jesus.” (Ephesians 2:6)

The lesson starts with a dark picture, one that we are all too familiar with, sin. Paul does not shy away from letting us know how God deals with sin and Wilson adds an interesting discussion on the subject. God ultimate punishes sin as promised in the Old Testament. But Jesus all condemns sinners.

The good news is that God is always willing and in fact anxious to forgive our sin and make us whole for the work he has prepared for us to do. Paul gets us into the way that God works, specifically through grace. Once we have accepted the truth that we are all sinners, then we must be prepared to move away from that condition.

Paul will cover one of the fundamental concepts and perhaps most controversial concepts in the Christian faith: Grace versus Works. But not quite yet. He prepares un for what is coming by introducing and emphasizing the truth of experiencing God's grace, freely and completely without obligation. We are sinners by nature, but we don't have to remain in that condition thanks to God's grace and mercy.

Discussion questions.

Discussion question 1. (Ephesians 2:1-3) In what sense are our non-believing friends, neighbors, and relatives “dead”? What’s the difference between us and them? If we really believed that they were “dead” and subject to God’s “wrath,” what would we do?

Discussion question 2. (Ephesians 2:1-3) Few people would knowingly follow Satan. How can people unwittingly follow Satan? In what sense are we responsible for unwitting rebellion against God? How can God, in all fairness, blame us?

Discussion question 3. (Ephesians 1:4-5) In verses 4 and 5, which words describe God’s motivation and character? Which verbs describe what has happened to us in Christ?

Discussion question 4. (Ephesians 2:6) What does it mean that we are seated with Christ in “the heavenly realms”? What does this say about God’s grace? What does this say about our spiritual authority? How should this knowledge affect our prayers and our boldness?


Lessons 5: Salvation By Grace Through Faith (2:8-10)

October 18, 2018

Key Verses.

“8 For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith–and this not from yourselves, it is the gift of God– 9 not by works, so that no one can boast. 10 For we are God’s workmanship, created in Christ Jesus to do good works, which God prepared in advance for us to do.” (Ephesians 2:8-10)

The lesson is only three short verses but they are critical to understanding the Christian concept of grace. It is one thing to grasp the idea that God has saved us through his grace as God is all powerful and can do anything he wants, even if it doesn't make sense. Wilson takes us through a discussion of that aspect of God's character. He touches on "prevenient grace", a concept made popular by John Wesley. This grace thing has nothing to do with us as it is up to God and Paul says "not from ourselves". Thus we are not saved by works, "so that no one can boast". Then along comes James, the brother of Jesus who says "faith without works is dead". Now then, we have the classic argument of Faith Versus Works. Or so it would seem. But it doesn't have to be that way.

Could it be that both Paul and James are right? Wilson does a great job of exploring this idea for us. You can't be far along in your Christian journey with encountering the concept of being saved by grace. It sounds too good to be true - and it is. This "cheap grace" or receiving it and doing nothing in return is not what Paul is teaching. We find out in the lesson that the works defined by Paul and by James are two different things. So that verse 10, "created in Christ Jesus to do good works" takes on a new meaning. We'll explore these two kinds of works and come away with some new ideas about the Faith versus Works conundrum.

Discussion questions.

Discussion question 1. Why is it so hard for us to understand grace? What commonly held life principle does it demolish? Translate the word “grace” into language a 10-year-old child would understand.

Discussion question 2. “Saved” has become Christian jargon. How can you “translate” this word into modern speech so people can understand what it really means and why they need it?

Discussion question 3. According to Ephesians 2:10, what were we created to do? Why? (Matthew 5:16) What is the difference between these works and the works Paul discredits in verse 9?

Discussion question 4. What exactly is faith? Can we take credit for having it? Can we be condemned for lacking it? Define “faith” in terms a 10-year-old could understand.


Lessons 6: Fellow Citizens with the People of God (2:11-22)

October 25, 2018

Key Verses.

“For through him we both have access to the Father by one Spirit.” (Ephesians 2:18)

“And in him you too are being built together to become a dwelling in which God lives by his Spirit.” (Ephesians 2:22)

Paul explains in these verses how Christians are meant to be a part of a something bigger than themselves. Starting with the church and then on to a brotherhood throughout the world. In the first verses of this lesson, he covers the plight of the early Gentile Christians in become a part of a largely Jewish Christian congregations. It is necessary for them (and us) to understand the Jewish history and traditions and how that changed with the advent of Christ. The nature and purpose of sacrifice and atonement are covered. Two important concepts are worth special mention and study. Their was a precedence for sacrifice as atonement for sins. This was an animal sacrifice. The sacrificial nature of atonement has been continued, but it is Jesus who became the sacrifice. Secondly, animal sacrifices were performed on behalf of the people by priests. Therefore, a separation of God and his people existed in Judaism. This separation has been removed with Christ. Christians have direct access to God through the Holy Spirit.

But this direct access does not mean that we can exist and function apart from other Christians. These scriptures tell us that is God's intention that we do just the opposite, that we engage ourselves with others, Christians and non believers as well. We are the cornerstone of God's world, which I his Church, founded by Jesus Christ. Our churches are to be a "dwelling place" for God. We are to have a unity with other Christians. Wilson tells us. "Yes, there is a place and time for spiritual retreat. Jesus and others drew away for a time of spiritual solitude, fasting, and prayer, but then came back again to be with God’s people. Being a perpetual hermit is an aberration, not our command. Our sense of identity according to Ephesians is as part of God’s people, part of God’s household, stones “being built together” to become a temple.

Discussion questions.

Discussion question 1. (Ephesians 2:11-12) Why does being out of touch with what it means to be “lost” impede our willingness to witness? In your own words, what is the spiritual condition of a friend or co-worker who doesn’t know Christ?

Discussion question 2. (Ephesians 2:14-15) In what sense did Jesus as Messiah “fulfill” the Mosaic Law? What is the significance of that for Jewish people? For us Gentiles?

Discussion question 3. (Ephesians 2:17) What does it mean to have “access to the Father”? In what way does the Holy Spirit facilitate this access? In what way does Jesus enable this access?

Discussion question 4. (Ephesians 2:22) What is the significance that your congregation was made to be “a dwelling place for God in the Spirit”? What hinders that from being fully experienced? What can you do to help that become more fully experienced and appreciated?


Lessons 7: The Mystery, Mission, and Ministry of the Church (3:1-13)

November 1, 2018

Key Verses.

“In him and through faith in him we may approach God with freedom and confidence.” (Ephesians 3:12)

In Chapter 3, Paul explains the mystery of our religion, particularly as it applies to the Gentiles in Ephesus. "That is the mystery made known to me by revelation, as I have already written briefly." (3:2). Wilson adds "Christianity is not a religion that men figured out or inferred. It comes to us by revelation, that is, God revealed it directly to us through inspired writers of Scripture – 'holy apostles and prophets.'" Also this. "The sacred teachings of the 'holy prophets and apostles' should inform our traditions rather than be subject to our traditions." So what are we saying here? It is certainly not just a passing thought on the part of Paul, as Wilson points out in his commentary. It is the fundamental truth about our religion. And that is that it is not based on logic but on revelation. God gave us the gift of logic and so perhaps it is "logical" for us to apply that reasoning power to our faith. But we cannot and we should not do it. It is fine to discuss, deliberate and even argue concepts but the truth we seek is in his Word, nowhere else. "We can’t figure God out with our minds and our logical deduction. That’s why sometimes theology can become merely speculation, the farther it gets away from what the Scripture reveals. The Scripture just doesn’t tell us everything we wonder about, and we need to be careful not to speak dogmatically where the Scripture does not clearly teach something."

Paul is assuring the Gentiles of their rightful place in the order of Christianity but he is also saying something about their mission. "I am sending you to them to open their eyes and turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan to God, so that they may receive forgiveness of sins and a place among those who are sanctified by faith in me.” The words of Jesus from (Acts 26:16b-18)

In 3:8, Paul explores the unsearchable riches of Christ. From Wilson, " Paul had caught a glimpse of a different kind of riches than worldly wealth, was captured by it, and bids us come to explore Christ’s riches for ourselves...We can be confident of his favor and love. He delights in us. Like a father who enjoys his children, your Heavenly Father delights in you and longs to spend more time with you."

Discussion questions.

Discussion question 1. (Ephesians 3:2-5) Why is God’s revelation to “his holy apostles and prophets” our authority for faith and practice? What is the danger of minimizing or straying from that revelation? What is the danger of superseding that revelation? What is the danger of denying that God reveals himself to us and to his church today?

Discussion question 2. (Ephesians 3:6) Just what is the “mystery” that Paul is talking about? Why was it important to the Gentile Christians in Paul’s day?

Discussion question 3. ((Ephesians 3:7-9) Why is Paul so careful to be humble about his call and apostleship? How can his example help us remain as humble servants?

Discussion question 4. What does Ephesians 3:12 teach us about the manner of approaching God? What happens if we try to pray without these qualities?


Lessons 8: Paul’s Prayer and Doxology (3:14-21)

November 8, 2018

Key Verses.

“Now to him who is able to do immeasurably more than all we ask or imagine, according to his power that is at work within us, to him be glory in the church and in Christ Jesus throughout all generations, for ever and ever! Amen.” (Ephesians 3:20-21)

Pastor Wilson explains, “Doxologies are short, spontaneous ascriptions of praise to God, usually having three parts: (1) the One to whom glory is given, (2) the ascription of “glory,” and, in Paul’s doxologies, (3) the expression “forever and ever.” We sing a Doxology every Sunday. It is a full acknowledgement of God's power and love for us. And that He can use that power to work in us. But it is up to us to put ourselves in a place where we can receive the Power. It is always there, but we are not always ready.

We begin this lesson with Paul telling the Ephesians about this Power and how they may receive it. “I pray that out of his glorious riches he may strengthen you with power through his Spirit in your inner being....” (3:16) The inner being is the Holy Spirit in us. "When the new birth occurs, the Holy Spirit is somehow fused with our human spirit making us alive to God, vitally connected to Him through the Spirit, and infused with life of an eternal quality and magnitude." The inner strengthening is the dwelling of Christ in their hearts.

Wilson points out that Paul is not praying for their salvation. That has already been assured. He is praying for their sanctification. This is a topic we will explore in some detail. Briefly, it is the process of purification that comes after being born again, the quest for holiness. "For without sanctification, our view of God and our faith is so diminished and straitjacketed that we can hardly see God in his fullness (Hebrews 12:14), nor can we be truly filled with the Spirit."

We then take up the concept of love, the love that was characteristic of our Savior. This is the love required of us to experience the fullness of the Holy Spirit. "Only if we know the experience of loving hard-to-love people, can we truly comprehend the ins and outs of Christ’s immense love."

Discussion questions.

Discussion question 1. (Ephesians 3:16-17) Do the concepts of (a) strengthened by the Spirit in the inner person, and (b) Christ dwelling in our hearts say the same thing, or are they separate and distinct ideas? What do you think?

Discussion question 2. (3:18-19) What kinds of things prevent us from comprehending the far reaches of Christ’s love? What happens in the way we live when we do comprehend, know, and experience this love? What would be different about your life if you could grasp this?

Discussion question 3. (Ephesians 3:16, 19) What does it mean to be “filled with the Spirit” (verse 16)? Is this a one-time experience or a continual reality? What can we do to be filled with the Spirit? Is it different or the same as being “filled with all the fullness of God” (verse 19)?

Discussion question 4. (Ephesians 3:21) What might be different in your own congregation if bringing glory to God were considered the very most important function of the church? What would be different in your life if bringing God glory was your most important job, bar none?


Lessons 9: One Body – Unity and Diversity (4:1-10)

January 3, 2019

Key Verses.

“As a prisoner for the Lord, then, I urge you to live a life worthy of the calling you have received.” (Ephesians 4:1) “Make every effort to keep the unity of the Spirit through the bond of peace.” (Ephesians 4:3)

We begin the second half of the study of Paul's Letter to the Ephesians, consisting of eight lessons. These chapters will take us from the doctrinal assurance of our faith to the practical applications of putting it to work for the glory of God. As always, Paul presents it in a logical, carefully planned way for us. He gets the cart squarely behind the horse as perhaps no one else has done.

This lesson talks about unity but also about diversity, two themes which might seem at opposites to each other. But Paul tells us that both are necessary and critical to achieving our purpose to glorify God through our "calling". We are called by our master to be one; to live a life worthy of that calling. Then how do we achieve that calling as a church? Through unity and a single mindedness of purpose.

So where does diversity come in? “But to each one of us grace has been given as Christ apportioned it.” (4:7) Our Lord has given us many gifts. Gifts that are unique. Paul tells us these gifts are needed to fulfill our purpose. in subsequent lessons, we will study these gifts in some detail. From this lesson, we need to understand what must be present in our minds and hearts to fully explore the wonder of God's gifts to us for the furtherance of the Kingdom.


Discussion questions.

Discussion question 1. (Ephesians 4:1) According to verse 1, what is the standard of our behavior? What is the “calling” to which God has called us?

Discussion question 2. (Ephesians 4:2) Why are patience and humility so important to preserving unity? What happens to the reputation of Jesus Christ when we have right doctrine along with a sense of arrogance towards those who disagree with us? How are we to be both “gentle” and to “fight the good fight of faith”?

Discussion question 3. (Ephesians 4:3) How much energy must we expend on Christian unity? What is “the bond of peace”? How do we strike at peace when we are intent on argument and dissension?

Discussion question 4. (Ephesians 4:7-10) Who gives spiritual gifts? Can our “natural” talents be related to our “spiritual” gifts? How? What is the difference between a natural God-given talent and a spiritual gift?


Lessons 10: Preparation, Ministry, and Maturity (4:11-16)

Key Verses.

“It was he who gave some to be apostles, some to be prophets, some to be evangelists, and some to be pastors and teachers, to prepare God’s people for works of service, so that the body of Christ may be built up....” (Ephesians 4:12-13) “Instead, speaking the truth in love, we will in all things grow up into him who is the Head, that is, Christ.” (Ephesians 4:15)

Paul begins Chapter 4 in Ephesians talking about disciples, apostles and other messengers of Christ. Wilson defines an apostle as "one who has bent sent with a commission". The disciples were all apostles including Matthias who replaced Judas. There were other apostles who did not witness the resurrection, such as Paul who wrote much of the New Testament. The Apostles were administrators and teachers who were also able to perform miracles such as healing. They were blessed with the ability to lead a large group of churches. We think of Apostles as first century Christians but Wilson mentions some who came much later including John Wesley.

He then leads us in to a discussion of prophets. We usually identify prophets with the Old Testament. There is little mention of prophets in the New Testament, other than the daughters of Phillip the Evangelist, although Paul does refer to the gift of prophecy. Most of what we hear in the NT are warnings against false prophets.

Evangelists are people who spread the word over large territories. In the early church they travelled on horseback or coach and stayed with believers. Our own camp meetings are examples of gathering places who received evangelists regularly. John Wesley is said to have travelled 240,000 miles on horseback spreading the Word.

Pastors are officially shepherds of flocks, usually smaller groups, like churches. They could also be teachers or leaders in some other capacity than from the pulpit. Teachers have a role closely related to the pastoral function in helping people understand the truth and its implications.

This all builds into understanding the ministry and its purposes. And the mature church. The idea of unity discussed in the last lesson is certainly essential to the purpose: "“to prepare God’s people for works of service so that the body of Christ may be built up”. We then look at a description of a mature church, i.e., one that is functioning in God's purpose.

Discussion questions.

Discussion question 1. (Ephesians 4:11) If there were apostles today, why kind of function might they have? What needs do our congregations and regional groupings of churches have that an apostle might meet? How might we detect false apostles? (2 Corinthians 11:13; Revelation 2:2)Wilson, Ralph F.. Ephesians: Discipleship Lessons (JesusWalk Bible Study Series) . JesusWalk Publications. Kindle Edition.

Discussion question 2. (Ephesians 4:11) How can we stir up the gift of evangelism among members of our congregations? What might be the earmarks of a person with this gift? How can we encourage and stimulate the Spirit-gifted evangelists in our midst?

Discussion question 3. Q3. (Ephesians 4:11) How could a person have the spiritual gift of pastor or teacher without having an official position in a church? What must a church do if its “senior pastor” doesn’t have the spiritual gift of pastor? Who gives these gifts?

Discussion question 4. (Ephesians 4:12) What’s wrong with the old model of the minister or pastor being the main worker in the Church? How does it hinder people in the congregation? How does it hurt the community? What is the purpose of pastors and teachers?



Lessons 11: Putting on Clean Clothes (4:17-32)

Key Verses.

“... Put on the new self, created to be like God in true righteousness and holiness.” (Ephesians 4:24) “‘In your anger do not sin’: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry, and do not give the devil a foothold.” (Ephesians 4:26-27) “Be kind and compassionate to one another, forgiving each other, just as in Christ God forgave you.” (Ephesians 4:32)

We think of our world today as unjust, immoral and even beyond redemption. Wilson tells us "Paul’s day was even worse. His era wasn’t “post-Christian” but “pre-Christian,” and sin abounded in the great cities of the Greco-Roman culture of the day. Paul calls the Christians of Ephesus to take seriously the work of the Holy Spirit in their lives. What follows in 4:17 through 6:9 is a call to righteousness in all areas of life: speech (5:25-32), sexual mores (5:3-7), use of intoxicants (5:18), family relationships (5:21-6:4), and employer-employee relationships (6:9)." Paul was facing a challenge with the Ephesians. Most had never know a god except those idols built by man. Paul wanted to show them that his God, the Creator of the universe, was far too important to be confined to the space of some idol made of stone. But the unbelievers just don't know about God. He depicts them as ignorant, hearts hardened and given to sexual immorality. 4:17

But we have a new, holy self. v. 22 You were taught, with regard to your former way of life, to put off your old self, which is being corrupted by its deceitful desires; v23 to be made new in the attitude of your minds; v24 and to put on the new self, created to be like God in true righteousness and holiness.” (4:20-24) So we are taking off old clothes and putting on new clothes. In verses 25-28, he talks about controlling anger and the problems when not doing so.

Verses 29-32 are devoted to lessons in speech, i.e., what comes out of our mouths. We are to "Get rid of all bitterness, rage and anger, brawling and slander, along with every form of malice. Be kind and compassionate to one another, forgiving each other, just as in Christ God forgave you.” (4:29-32)

Finally, we turn to grieving the spirit of God. We look at a range of circumstances, some seemingly unimportant, that can bring grief to God. Lack of compassion, failure to forgive, attitudes of self centeredness.

This is an important lesson for us in daily Christian living. It was so then and it is so now.

Discussion questions.

Discussion question 1. (Ephesians 4:17-19) Using Ephesians 4:17-19 as a basis, how would you describe (in your own words), the secular, non-Christian mindset of our age? Why are we tempted to conform to its values?

Discussion question 2. (Ephesians 4:26-27). Why did God give us the emotion of anger, do you think? How can anger be dangerous? How can we keep from sinning when we are angry? Is anger itself sin?

Discussion question 3. (Ephesians 4:29-32) What kind of “unwholesome talk” is common among us Christians? What three guidelines does Paul give us to measure the value of what we say? What is slander? How common is it among Christians? How can we prevent it?

Discussion question 4. (Ephesians 4:32) Why is it so difficult to forgive those who hurt us? According to Ephesians 4:32, who is our example of forgiveness? What heart attitudes toward people are evidence of a forgiving spirit, according to verse 32a?

Lessons 12: Imitate Your Father, Children (5:1-20)

Key Verses.

“Be imitators of God, therefore, as dearly loved children.” (Ephesians 5:1) “Live as children of light ... and find out what pleases the Lord.” (Ephesians 5:8, 10) “Making the most of every opportunity, because the days are evil.” (Ephesians 5:16) “Be filled with the Spirit. Speak to one another with psalms, hymns and spiritual songs. Sing and make music in your heart to the Lord, always giving thanks to God the Father for everything, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ.” (Ephesians 5:18-20)

These are 20 verses in Ephesians that define the behavior of a Christian perhaps as much as anything we can read in the Scriptures. Paul is pointing out in no uncertain terms what a follower of Jesus should do. It is not so much about criticizing others for immoral and lewd practices but saying if you are a true follower of Jesus you cannot do these things. "The urban culture of Paul’s day was more blatantly immoral than even America’s eroding standards. But Christians were expected to live exemplary lives." Paul does not gloss over the concepts and spares us no details. “But among you there must not be even a hint of sexual immorality, or of any kind of impurity, or of greed, because these are improper for God’s holy people." 5:3. This admonishment for sexual purity is important enough to Paul that he includes it in other letters: Corinthians, Thessalonians, etc. Never mind that it goes directly against their culture (and ours), we need to hold high standards for ourselves. We answer to God and no one else.

Obscenities dirty jokes and crude language are not the mark of Christians. Greed for money is taken up in verse 5. This is equivalent to the worship of false gods, going back to the first commandment given to Moses. We are now children of the light (verses 8-14). Doing what pleases the Lord is also the source of joy in our lives. Joy that cannot be found in overindulgence of alcohol (verses 17 and 18). Paul is not a teetotaler, but drunkenness prevents our light from shining in a dark world.

Finally, Paul talks about finding joy in psalms and singing praises to God. "Sing and make music in your heart to the Lord." v. 19.

Discussion questions.

Discussion question 1. (Ephesians 5:2-3) Why does Paul warn so strongly against sexual sin? Is sexuality part of our spiritual life or can it be (should it be) partitioned from our spiritual life?

Discussion question 2. (Ephesians 5:15-16) Why does Paul exhort us to make the most of every opportunity? Why do we resist that? What must happen in our lives so we can be ready for the opportunity?

Discussion question 3. (Ephesians 5:17-18) What is the primary temptation involved with drugs and alcohol? How can drug or alcohol use substitute for the “high” of the Spirit? How can being filled with the Spirit help us fend off the temptations of drugs and alcohol?

Discussion question 4. (Ephesians 5:19-20) What kind of attitude should underlie our corporate singing? How is corporate singing designed to help us singers? How is it designed to worship God? How does singing in your own daily life help you worship?


Lessons 13: Christian Husbands and Christian Wives (5:21-33)

January 31, 2019

Key Verses.

“Wives, submit to your husbands as to the Lord.” (Ephesians 5:22) “Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her.” (Ephesians 5:25) “In this same way, husbands ought to love their wives as their own bodies. He who loves his wife loves himself.” (Ephesians 5:28)

This scripture is a controversial teaching from Paul particularly as it relates to wives and their submission to husbands. This would, of course, indicate that he does not agree with modern ideas of feminism and political correctness. Wilson does a good job of explaining where Paul is coming from. He is fighting the good fight to keep the embers of Christianity burning. The deck is stacked against him as the pagans and Jews are looking for ways to discredit this new religion. It's not that these people treated women of that day any better. In the Jewish faith , they were not allowed to hold office, initiate divorce or serve in any official religious capacity. A barren woman was held in disdain. So Paul is trying to honor the institution of marriage and to avoid conflict that could work against them in the spread of Christianity to the gentiles and pagans. In all things, we are to put God first, but he clearly holds women to submit to their husbands who have given their lives to Christ.

The men don't exactly get a pass. Husbands: “Love your wives, just as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her” (vs. 25). Jesus laid down his life for the benefit of the Church. Husbands are to do no less towards their wives – that is, if they are serious about their role as “head.” Men must put aside the mantle of self importance and immaturity and devote themselves to their wives even being prepared to sacrifice all as did Christ.

Paul explores the idea of one flesh, one body that was introduced in Genesis and then by Christ. “Husbands ought to love their wives as their own bodies,” says Paul. “He who loves his wife loves himself” (5:28). The theme of unity in Ephesians offers a great deal to help our marriages. Unity and love are the underlying themes here, not “chain of command.”

Discussion questions.

Discussion question 1. (Ephesians 5:22-24) Why should a wife submit to her husband? According to these verses, to what degree is a wife required to submit to a husband who is not a Christian or who is a carnal Christian? Does submission mean a wife doesn’t verbally disagree? What if there’s a conflict with the wife’s conscience?

Discussion question 2. (Ephesians 5:25-30) Does being head of the wife involve being “boss”? Why or why not? What does being “head” require of a husband? What is the example husbands are to follow in headship?

Discussion question 3. (Ephesians 5:28) In what sense is a husband’s care for his wife’s needs just common sense in taking care of his own needs? What is the principle from Genesis 2:24 that underlies this?

Discussion question 4. (Ephesians 5:32) In what sense is Christ our Husband as individuals? As a church? What are the implications of this for our lives? What does this say about Christ’s responsibilities towards us?


Lessons 14: Children and Parents, Employers and Employees (6:1-9)

February 7, 2019

Key Verses.

“Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right.” (Ephesians 6:1) “Fathers, do not exasperate your children; instead, bring them up in the training and instruction of the Lord.” (Ephesians 6:4) “Serve wholeheartedly, as if you were serving the Lord, not men, because you know that the Lord will reward everyone for whatever good he does, whether he is slave or free.” (Ephesians 6:7-8)

We begin the final chapter of Ephesians with a look at the relationships and responsibilities of four groups of people: children, parents, slaves (employees) and masters (employers). In the last part of his letter, Paul instructs his readers on practical, everyday Christianity. These instructions must of course include the family and the workplace, without which no lessons in Christian living would be complete. The importance of family is second only to the worship of God in the Bible, the source of our faith and teachings.

Paul begins with children - their need to be obedient to their parents and actually refers to the Commandment. Like the obedience of wives, it is "in the Lord", meaning that obedience to the Lord comes first. Fathers (parents) are also implored to train the child in the way of the Lord, doing so with a gentle hand. The verses of slaves and masters have been explained by Wilson as perhaps best understood in our modern lives as employees and employers. The Bible does not promote slavery but recognizes it as a fact of life in Biblical times. Thus the presence of slaves and their behavior toward their masters was a subject of concern. We are to serve our employers "with the same attitude with which we serve Jesus."

Likewise, "employers are to treat their employees with the same kind of respect, faithfulness, integrity that God expects of employees." Employers cannot overtly evangelize but at the same time, Christian principles can be brought into our businesses.

Discussion questions.

Discussion question 1. (Ephesians 6:1-3) What kind of obedience and honor is appropriate for adult children to show towards their parents? What might be the exceptions? How do respect and forgiveness figure in this relationship?

Discussion question 2. (Ephesians 6:4) What kind of behavior by fathers (or mothers, for that matter) can embitter or cause a child to lose heart? What do you think the “training and instruction of the Lord” involves?

Discussion question 3. (Ephesians 6:5-8) What are the characteristics called for in a truly Christian employee, according to Ephesians 6:5-8? How can these attitudes help us in difficult work situations?

Discussion question 4. (Ephesians 6:9) How should Christian employers conduct themselves towards their employees? How should church boards conduct themselves towards church employees? How do you determine a just wage – not merely the one you think you can afford?


Lessons 15: Wrestling with the Enemy of Our Souls (6:10-18)

February 14, 2019

Key Verses.

“For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the powers of this dark world and against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly realms.” (Ephesians 6:12) “Therefore put on the full armor of God, so that when the day of evil comes, you may be able to stand your ground, and after you have done everything, to stand.” (Ephesians 6:13)

As the lesson title suggests, Christians are destined to struggle with an enemy from within. Signing up as a Christian doesn't mean your troubles are over. This was true in Paul's time and it is true today. in this lesson we will examine the advice Paul gives to the church in Ephesus. There will be struggles but with the "armor" of God, you can prevail against them.

So who is it we are struggling against? Why do we need the armor of God, the belt of truth, the breastplate of righteousness? Satan, the devil if your prefer. Some say, "I believe in Jesus, I just don't believe in Satan and demons". Sorry, not possible. Jesus spoke numerous times of the evil of this workd and warned again Satan, the Evil One. Paul gives us the nature of the Devil, the distributor of Evil. But this is not new information and dates back to the Old Testament. The archangel, Michael, fought against the forces of evil in the book of Daniel. Revelation contains the epic battle against Satan and his forces.

So can we overcome evil? No. At least not without the help of God. Without him, we are nothing against these powerful forces. So it is important for the Ephesians to understand that we must implore our God to help us in the trials. First, we must put on the "full armor of God, so that we can stand our ground." We stand with the "belt of truth" around our waist, the "breastplate of righteousness" in place. We take up the "shield of faith", the "helmet of salvation" and the "sword of the Spirit". We "pray in the Spirit with all kinds of requests".

Next week, we will conclude our study with more on prayer as we continue in the struggle against this spiritual warfare.

Discussion questions.

Discussion question 1. (Ephesians 6:11-13) Why is it difficult to believe in the devil and demons in our day? How does their existence help explain the struggle humans face on earth? With all their power, how do we stand a chance? Did “the devil make me do it”? What kinds of things can’t we blame on the demonic?

Discussion question 2. (Ephesians 6:13) What is difficult about standing our ground in today’s world? In what way can standing our ground be considered victory? Why are the saints in Revelation 12:11 considered victorious over the devil? How did they stand their ground?

Discussion question 3. (Ephesians 6:14) Why are such simple things as truth and personal holiness such powerful armament? Are they defensive or offensive weapons?

Discussion question 4. (Ephesians 6:15) What would be the characteristic of a person who didn’t have his feet ready to run with the Gospel? How does heart preparation make you more ready to share the Good News with those around you? How does this help defeat the dominion of darkness?

Discussion question 5. (Ephesians 6:15-17) Why is it important to have your “shield” up each day? In what way does the “helmet of salvation” protect you? Is the “sword of the Spirit” an offensive or defensive weapon? How do you keep it sharp and ready for the bttle?